International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences <p><strong>ABOUT</strong></p> <p>International Journal of Medicine &amp; Biomedical Sciences (IJMBioS) is an open access, peer-reviewed, quarterly published journal that encompasses all fundamental and molecular aspects of medical and biomedical sciences. It publishes original research papers, review papers, case studies, short communications, letter to the editors in all novel and innovative aspects of health, disease and environment encompassing medicine and biomedical sciences. </p> <p>We aim to bring relevant findings and message that advances our understanding of medical and biomedical sciences to a wide international audience using health, disease and techniques interrelated with it.</p> <p>The following areas are covered in the Journal:</p> <p>&gt; Molecular Biology &gt; Bioinformatics &gt; Integrative Medicine <br />&gt; Microbiology &gt; Biochemistry &gt; Internal Medicine<br />&gt; Biotechnology &gt; Biologics &gt; Herbal Medicine<br />&gt; Health and Disease &gt; Pharmacy &gt; Occupational Health<br />&gt; Epidemiology &gt; Nursing &gt; Treatment Protocols </p> <p>Scientific contributions from relevant Researchers, Clinical Practitioners, Health Professionals and Research Students under ethical and journal guidelines are appreciated. The major objective of this publication is to promote/ advance science through encouraging the researchers to publish and make the scientific information available to all in the most easily accessible form.</p> <p>The Journal uses the Open Journal System (OJS) of PKP. </p> Society of Life Sciences Nepal en-US International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences 2594-3499 <p>IJMBioS follows the following Terms and License of the manuscript under <a href="">Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)</a> where Author and Journal are can Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material, and it is Non-Commercial. </p> Health related quality of life among people receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy at Bharatpur Hospital, Chitwan, Nepal. <p><strong>Background: </strong><span style="font-weight: 400;">Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is one of the most important outcome measures among HIV-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Likewise, improved quality of life (QoL) is one prominent goal of patient treatment. This study was conducted to investigate the QoL of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) receiving HAART at the antiretroviral therapy (ART) center of the Bharatpur Hospital in Chitwan, Nepal. </span></p> <p><strong>Methods</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;">: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 271 PLWHA receiving HAART at the ART center of Bharatpur Hospital in the Chitwan district in April, 2016. Participants were recruited purposely and interviewed with a structured questionnaire. Quality of life was assessed using the World Health Organization Quality of Life HIV- BREF (WHOQOL-HIV-BREF) standard tool. Data was entered to Epi-Info version 3.5.3 and analyzed using SPSS version 21 for windows. A bivariate analysis was fitted to identify factors associated with QoL.</span></p> <p><strong>Result:</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;"> A total of 271 participants, with a mean age of 36.86 (SD = 9.62), were included in the study. This study found that the majority of participants had moderate general QoL, except for the </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">spiritual domain, which contains information about personal beliefs, forgiveness and blame, and concerns about future, death, and dying. Younger patients, religious minorities, literate patients, unmarried patients, those on ART for more than three years, and those who adhered to ART were associated with good general QoL across all domains.</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;">: The participants’ self-reported HRQoL was generally satisfactory except for Spiritual</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">domains. Since HIV is a chronic illness, the spiritual need </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">of</span><span style="font-weight: 400;"> patients requires attention, including religious coping or support to find a sense of meaning/support in life, to cope with issues of guilt and shame, and to deal with the grief and bereavement associated with the disease.</span></p> Prativa Adhikari Dipak Prasad Tiwari Arun Kumar Joshi Anil Poudyal Mamata Sharma Radha Devi Dhakal Laxmi Ghimire Sangita Acharya Sharma Copyright (c) 2022 Prativa Adhikari, Dipak Prasad Tiwari, Arun Kumar Joshi, Anil Poudyal, Mamata Sharma, Radha Devi Dhakal, Laxmi Ghimire , Sangita Acharya Sharma 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 6 1